One of the most unique talents that human beings are blessed with is the faculty of imagination. Unlike any other creature, the human has nearly unlimited potential for constructive fantasy.
In fact, our civilization is built on imagination. Without this capacity, no progress could ever be made, whether in science, literature, philosophy, art, music or commerce. Our world would not be able to sustain itself and develop properly if human beings did not continuously explore new and uncharted paths. It is for this reason that every generation must make sure that its youngsters are provided with enough opportunities to develop a healthy imagination.
Children’s toys have become a major industry. In the last few decades, we have witnessed a boom in the manufacturing of the most sophisticated toys. Today it is possible to buy dolls that can walk, sing, speak with other dolls, sleep, cry, smile, and even need diapers. No doubt, in just a few years the industry will confuse its clients with evermore lifelike dolls – to the extent that their manufacturers will rush to City Hall and register them as new births. Similarly, electric trains, boats, planes and other vehicles have become more and more like the real thing. Some of the electric cars available in toy stores can travel at a speed of 50 kilometers an hour, are equipped with radios, computers and windshield wipers, and can operate on solar power.
While our society welcomes these new innovations and regards them as a great benefit to our children and grandchildren, this is a major educational mistake.
The Torah is often referred to as a toy. King David said:
“Were not Your Torah my plaything, I would have perished in my affliction.”
This concept is found in many parts of Tanach. Just as playing brings joy to a human being, busying oneself with the Torah does as well. But, of what is this joy composed? No doubt, one of the many elements that contribute to the pleasure of playing is the use of imagination. Joy is the art of seeing great possibilities.
When people learn Torah, it is not just the information they assimilate that is enjoyable, but above all, they thrive on the possibility of creating chiddushim (new insights) by developing their own imagination in the pursuit of understanding the Torah. This is one of the reasons why the Oral Torah was never completely recorded and why the Torah and later the Talmud were written in a most cryptic script, requiring the student to read between the lines in order to fully grasp the profundity within. It allows the mind to expand, demanding much creativity. “It is impossible that a Beth Midrash will not contain a chiddush.” (Chagiga 3a). One needs to use one’s own imagination to add what the text itself does not reveal.
One of the most important benefits of playing with toys is the fulfillment of children’s need to pretend. Children do not play with the toy itself, but rather with what they imagine while they are playing. And the greater the distance between the toy and the product of the child’s imagination, the more intensive and beneficial is this pursuit to the child. The child will have to use all his imagination to create the world in which he wants to find himself and will literary have to think out of the box.
For this reason it is highly undesirable for toys to approximate reality. A doll that can speak, cry or smile is not a real doll, precisely because it is so “real”. The child is unable to pretend because the manufacturer has already done it for him or her. Because adults do not have the same degree of imagination as do children, they mistakenly believe they need to produce toys that look real. What they do not understand is that the children themselves will imagine the part that is missing. To be sure, the child will initially be very pleased with the state-of-the-art doll that can sing and smile, but a child is unaware of his or her own psychological make-up and will ultimately become bored. There is, after all, very little left to the imagination. In fact, more and more parents complain that the more expensive the toy, the sooner it is likely to be neglected.
Toy manufacturers are certainly making more money than they ever did before, but this booming industry does not serve to improve children’s education. For a healthy future, we will need adults who will be gifted with a healthy imagination. For that we need simple educational dolls for our children.
Whether we succeed will depend on the toy industry. After all, Toys R Us.